On Mon, 8 Apr 1996 RonDavison@aol.com wrote:
> It takes a great deal of DNA to form a gazelle out of
> single-cell organisms.
Good message. I was wondering about some things and have a few questions. I have some beliefs I have to get around and I think the answers might help. I've got some preliminary answers in brackets. [Some of my figures may be wrong. I hope I have the order of magnitude right. I was also wondering, if I want to figure out the number of connections between a grid of 10 nodes do I just square the 10 or do I add the squares of 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1? In the first case, the square of 10 is 100. In the second case, it's 300 I think. Makes a difference.] How much information can be stored in DNA? [I've read about biocomputers in "The Economist" that are supposed to be a trillion times faster than any present computer. Does that mean they have a trillion times as much storage too? That would mean they would have a trillion times a thousand terabytes?] [I've read about holographic optical storage developed a BELLCORE that has potential storage densities of 16 terabytes per 1 cm^3 cube - a sugar cube sized cube.] Does anyone know the names of the numbers for each of the exponents up from 10^0 to 10^100? If you have any names for numbers greater than exponent 100, great! [10^0 - One - 1 10^1 - Ten - 10 10^2 - Hundred - 100 10^3 - Thousand - 1000 10^4 - Ten Thousand - 10 000 10^5 - Hundred Thousand - 100 000 10^6 - Million 10^7 - Ten Million - 10 000 000 10^8 - Hundred Million - 100 000 000 10^9 - Billion - 1 000 000 000 10^12 - Trillion - 1 000 000 000 000 .... 10^99 - ?????? - ...... 10^100 - Google - 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000] How many potential connections are there when 6.7 billion people get on the internet? [Talk about composite team mind! 10^6 people - 1 million - 10^36 connections. 10^7 people - 10 million - 10^49 connections. The Internet already has 100 million people - 10^8 people - 100 000 000 - 10^64 connections..... So, 10 billion people - 10^10 people - 10^100 connections - a google's worth of connections - 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000] How much time does a downsized white-collar worker have? [60 sec/min - 60 min/hour - 3600 seconds/hour 86400 sec/day 31 536 000 sec/year] How much information does a web surfer that surfs for 30 days at 10 hours a day 3600 seconds/hour go through per baud rate? [x 2 400 - 2 592 200 000 - 2.5922 GBytes x 9 600 - 10 368 000 000 - 10.368 GBytes x 14 400 - 15 552 000 000 - 15.552 GBytes x 28 800 - 31 104 000 000 - 31.104 GBytes] How much information does a web surfer that surfs for a conservative figure of 37.7 months - 1130 days on and off in a total period of 60 months - 5 years - 30 days/month at 10 hours a day go through per baud rate [40 680 000 s]? [x 2 400 - 97 632 000 000 - 97.632 GBytes x 9 600 - 390 528 000 000 - 390.528 GBytes x 14 400 - 585 792 000 000 - 585.792 GBytes x 28 800 - 1 171 584 000 000 - 1 171.584 GBytes] How much data is flowing through listservs right now? [Estimated 32 000 listservs at 1 mb/month - 12 mb/year - 384 000 mb/year - 384 000 000 000 bytes - 384 Gbytes/year] How many books and the equivalent in data would someone have to read/learn to get degrees for all the fields listed in the University of London and it's colleges? [Estimated 100 Bachelor's degree's - 120 S.U.'s per bachelor's degree - 4 years per bachelor's degree - 50 MB of material for each bachelor's degree - 104 books at 300k/book so......... 100 Bachelor's degree's 12 000 S.U.'s - 400 years - 5000 MB of material - 10400 books Estimated 100 Master's degree's - 60 S.U.'s per master's degree - 2 years per master's degree - 25 MB of material (field specific information) for each master's degree - 52 books at 300k/book so........ 100 Master's degree's - 6 000 S.U.'s - 200 years - 2500 MB of material - 5200 books 100 PhD fields - 4 years per PhD degree - 50 MB of material (field specific information) for each PhD degree - 104 books at 300k/book so...... 100 PhD degree's 12 000 S.U.'s - 400 years - 5000 MB of material - 10400 books] How many books are in the University of London and its college libraries and what is the equivalent in data? [ 30 Books - 300 K - 10 MB - 10 000 000 Bytes 213 Books - 300 K - 64 MB - 64 000 000 Bytes 4 000 Books - 300 K - 1 200 MB - 1 200 000 000 Bytes 10 650 Books - 300 K - 3 200 MB - 3 200 000 000 Bytes 31 950 Books - 300 K - 9 600 MB - 9 600 000 000 Bytes 320 000 Books - 300 K - 100 000 MB - 100 000 000 000 Bytes 640 000 Books - 300 K - 200 000 MB - 200 000 000 000 Bytes 3 200 000 Books - 300 K - 1 000 000 MB - 1 000 000 000 000 Bytes How many containers does it take to store 3.2 million books - 1 million megabytes - 1 terabyte of books? [ 1 container - 20 000 books - 6 GB 160 container's - 3 200 000 books - 1 TB] How much new knowledge would be created by someone going for a PhD in all 100 fields at the University of London and it's colleges (based on the premise that a doctoral degree is not awarded on _prior_ learning but on creation of new knowledge and advancement of a field). [100 fields - 600K worth of new knowledge - 60 000 K - 60 MB of new knowledge?] Does anyone know how much money there is in the world? [I know US and Japanese GNP/year is around 13 trillion combined. The total value of all US real estate is 9 billion. Assets of that new bank in Japan that was recently formed from an alliance of two existing banks is around 1 trillion. Estimated assets of overseas Chinese is 1 trillion dollars. Estimated value of infrastructure projects in SE Asia is 25 trillion dollars!!!! (Talk about a huge market for systems thinkers and double-loop learning practitioners considering the possibility that Dr. Khalid Saeed (PhD MIT) at AIT is the only systems dynamics practitioner in the area!) 6.7 billion people with average yearly income of around $10 000 is around 70 trillion dollars per year. So my guess at total money in the world is..... at most a million trillion dollars???? 1 000 000 000 000 000 000???? Potential 1 billion billionaires???? What are they going to do with all those flows of money from satisfied customers? _Build space stations!!!!_] So I'd appreciate it if anyone can answer my questions.... Andrew Moreno amoreno@broken.ranch.org
--Andrew Moreno <amoreno@broken.ranch.org>
Learning-org -- An Internet Dialog on Learning Organizations For info: <rkarash@karash.com> -or- <http://world.std.com/~lo/>